Urban climatology

2022

Banerjee, S., G.N.Y Ching, S. K. Yik, Dzyuban, Y., P. J. Crank, R.X.Y. Pek, and W.T.L. Chow. 2022: “Analysing impacts of urban morphological variables and density on outdoor microclimate for tropical cities: A review and a framework proposal for future research directions” Building and Environment, 225, 109646.  (Open Access)

Gillerot, L., D. Landuyt, R. Oh, W.T.L. Chow, D. Haluza, Q. Ponette, H. Jactel, H. Bruelheide, B. Jaroszewicz, M. Scherer‐Lorenzen, and P. De Frenne. 2022: “Forest structure and composition alleviate human thermal stress.” Global Change Biology, 28(4), 7340-7352.

Lipson, M., C.S.B. Grimmond, M.Best, W.T.L. Chow, A. Christen, N. Chrysoulakis, A. Coutts, B. Crawford, S. Earl, J. Evans, K. Fortuniak, B.G. Heusinkveld, J-W. Hong, J. Hong, L. Järvi, S. Jo, Y-H. Kim, S. Kotthaus, K. Lee, V. Masson, J.P. McFadden, O. Michels, W. Pawlak, M. Roth, H. Sugawara, N. Tapper, E. Velasco, and H.C. Ward. 2022: “Harmonized gap-filled datasets from 20 urban flux tower sites.” Earth System Science Data. 14, 5157–5178. (Open Access)

Nazarian, N., E. S. Krayenhoff, B. Bechtel, D. Hondula, R. Paolini, J. Vanos, T. Cheung, W. T. L. Chow, R. de Dear, O. Jay, J. K. W. Lee, A. Martilli, A. Middel, L. K. Norford, M. Sadeghi, S. Schiavon, and M. Santamouris. 2022: “Integrated Assessment of Urban Overheating Impacts on Human Life.” Earth’s Future, 10:8, e2022EF002682. (Open Access)

Dzyuban, Y., G.N.Y Ching, S. K. Yik, A. J. Tan, P. J. Crank, S. Banerjee, R.X.Y. Pek, and W.T.L. Chow. 2022: “Sentiment analysis of weather-related Tweets from cities within hot climates.” Weather, Climate and Society. 14(4) 1133-1145. (Open Access)

Dzyuban, Y., G.N. Ching, S.K. Yik, A.J. Tan, S. Banerjee, P.J. Crank, and W.T.L. Chow. 2022: “Outdoor thermal comfort research in transient conditions: A narrative literature review.” Landscape and Urban Planning, 226, 104496 (Open Access)

2021

Ossola, A., G.D. Jenerette, A. McGrath, W.T.L. Chow, L. Hughes, and M.R. Leishman. 2021: “Small vegetated patches greatly reduce urban surface temperature during a summer heatwave in Adelaide, Australia.” Landscape and Urban Planning, 209, p.104046.

Meili, N., G. Manoli, P. Burlando, J. Carmeliet, W.T.L. Chow, A.M. Coutts, M. Roth, E., Velasco, E.R. Vivoni, and S. Fatichi. 2021: “Tree effects on urban microclimate: diurnal, seasonal, and climatic temperature differences explained by separating radiation, evapotranspiration, and roughness effects” Urban Forestry & Urban Greening. 58, 126970. (Open Access)

2020

Nazarian, N., S. Liu, M. Kohler, J.K.W. Lee, C. Miller, W.T.L Chow, S.B.B. Alhadad, A. Martilli, M.Quintana, L. Sunden, and L. Norford, 2020: “Project Coolbit: Can your watch predict heat stress and thermal comfort sensation?” Environmental Research Letters. 16, 034031 (Open Access)

Martilli, A., M. Roth, W.T.L. Chow, M. Demuzere, M. Lipson, E.S. Krayenhoff, D.J. Sailor, N. Nazarian, J.A. Voogt, H. Wouters, A. Middel, I.D. Stewart, B. Bechtel, A. Christen, and M.A. Hart, 2020: “Summer average urban-rural surface temperature differences do not indicate the need for urban heat reduction.” OSF Preprints 10.31219/osf.io/8gnbf (Open Access)

Wang, J. W., W.T.L. Chow, and Y.C. Wang. 2020: “A global regression method for thermal sharpening of urban land surface temperatures from MODIS and Landsat.” International Journal of Remote Sensing, 41(8), 2986-3009.

2019

Meili, N., G. Manoli, P. Burlando, , E. Bou-Zeid, W.T.L. Chow, A.M. Coutts, E. Daly, K.A. Nice, M. Roth, N.J. Tapper, E. Velasco, E.R. Vivoni, and S. Fatichi. 2019: “An urban ecohydrological model to quantify the effect of vegetation on urban climate and hydrology (UT&C v1.0)”. Geoscientific Model Development, 13 (1), 335-362. (Open Access)

Heng, S.L., and W.T.L. Chow. 2019: “How ‘hot’ is too hot? Evaluating acceptable outdoor thermal comfort ranges in an equatorial urban park” International Journal of Biometeorology. 63(6): 801-816. (Open Access)

2018

Wang, Y-C., B.K.H. Hu, S.W. Myint, C-C Feng, W.T.L. Chow, and P.F. Passy. 2018: “Patterns of land change and their potential impacts on land surface temperature change in Yangon, Myanmar” Science of The Total Environment. 643, 738-750.

2016

Chow, W.T.L., S.N.A. Ali Akbar, S.L. Heng, and M. Roth. 2016: “Assessment of measured and perceived microclimates within a tropical urban forest.” Urban Forestry & Urban Greening. 16, 62-75. (Open Access).

Kaplan, S., C.S. Galletti, W.T.L. Chow, and S.W. Myint. 2016: “First order approximation of Broadband Directional Albedo with High Resolution Quickbird Imagery: a case study for arid urban areas.” GIScience & Remote Sensing. 53(3), 303-319.

Alexander, P.J., B. Bechtel, W.T.L. Chow, R. Fealy, and G Mills. 2016: “Linking urban climate classification with an urban energy and water budget model: Multi-site and multi-seasonal evaluation.” Urban Climate. 17, 196-215.

2015

Shaffer, S.R., W.T.L. Chow, M. Georgescu, P. Hyde, G.D. Jenerette, A. Mahalov, M. Moustaoui, and B.L. Ruddell. 2015: “Multiscale modeling and evaluation of urban surface energy balance in the Phoenix metropolitan area.” Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology. 54, 322-338. (Open Access)

Ruddell, D.M., A.J. Brazel, W.T.L. Chow, and A. Middell. 2015: “The Urban Heat Island Effect and Sustainability Science: Causes, Impacts, and Solutions” in K. D. Pijawka (ed.) Sustainability for the 21st Century: Pathways, Programs, and Policies: 219-234. Kendall Hunt: Iowa. ISBN: 978-1-4652-6671-2

2014

Chow, W.T.L., F.S. Salamanca, M. Georgescu, A. Mahalov, J.S. Milne, and B.L. Ruddell. 2014: “A multi-method and multi-scale approach for estimating city-wide anthropogenic heat fluxes” Atmospheric Environment. 99, 64-76 (Open Access).

Chow, W.T.L., T.J. Volo, E.R. Vivoni, G.D. Jenerette, and B.L. Ruddell. 2014: “Seasonal dynamics of a suburban energy balance in Phoenix, Arizona” International Journal of Climatology. 34(15), 3863-3880.

2013

Declet-Barreto, J., C.A. Martin, A.J. Brazel, W.T.L. Chow, and S.L. Harlan. 2013: “Creating the park cool island in an arid city urban neighborhood: vegetation and extreme heat in Phoenix, Arizona.” Urban Ecosystems. 16, 617-635.

Connors, J.P., C.S. Galletti, and W.T.L. Chow. 2013: “Landscape configuration and urban heat island effects: assessing the relationship between landscape characteristics and land surface temperature in Phoenix, Arizona.” Landscape Ecology. 28(2), 271-283.

2012

Chow, W.T.L., D. Brennan, and A.J. Brazel. 2012: “Urban heat island research in Phoenix, Arizona: theoretical contributions and policy applications.” Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society. 93(4), 517-530. (Open Access)

Chow, W.T.L. and A.J. Brazel. 2012: “Assessing xeriscaping as a sustainable heat island mitigation approach for a desert city.” Building and Environment, 47, 170-181.

Roth, M. and W.T.L. Chow. 2012: “A historical review and assessment of urban heat island in Singapore.” Singapore Journal of Tropical Geography. 33(3), 381-397.

Ruddell, D.M., A.J. Brazel, and W.T.L. Chow. 2012: “The Urban Heat Island Effect and Sustainability Science: Causes, Impacts, and Potential Solutions” in K. D. Pijawka and M. Gromulat (eds.) Understanding Sustainable Cities: Concepts, Cases, and Solutions: 167-183. Kendall Hunt: Iowa. ISBN: 978-1-4652-0344-1.

Chow, W.T.L. and B.M. Svoma. 2011: “Analyses of nocturnal temperature cooling rate response to historical local-scale urban land-use/land cover change” Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology. 50, 1872-1883. (Open Access)

2011 and earlier

Chow, W.T.L., R.L. Pope, C.A. Martin, and A.J. Brazel. 2011: “Observing and modeling the nocturnal park cool island of an arid city: Horizontal and vertical impacts.” Theoretical and Applied Climatology. 103(1-2), 197-211.

Sun, C.Y., A.J. Brazel, W.T.L. Chow, B.C. Hedquist, and L. Prashad. 2009: “Desert heat island study in winter by mobile transect and remote sensing techniques.” Theoretical and Applied Climatology. 98(3-4), 323-335.

Chow, W.T.L. and M. Roth. 2006: “Temporal dynamics of the urban heat island of Singapore.” International Journal of Climatology. 26(15), 2243-2260.

Urban climate change risk and vulnerability

2022

Adelekan, I., A. Cartwright, W.T.L. Chow, S. Colenbrander, R. Dawson, M. Garschagen, M. Haasnoot, M. Hashizume, I. Klaus, J. Krishnaswamy, M.F. Lemos, D. Ley, T. McPhearson, M. Pelling, P.P. Kodira, A. Revi, L.M. Sara, N.P. Simpson C. Singh, W. Solecki, A. Thomas, and C. Trisos. 2022: The Summary for Urban Policymakers (SUP) Volume II: What the latest science on impacts, adaptation and vulnerability means for cities and urban areas. Indian Institute for Human Settlements. (Open Access)

Pörtner, H.-O., D.C. Roberts…W.T.L. Chow et al. 2022: “Technical Summary” In: Climate Change 2022: Impacts, Adaptation, and Vulnerability. Contribution of Working Group II to the Sixth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change [H.-O. Pörtner, D.C. Roberts, M. Tignor, E.S. Poloczanska, K. Mintenbeck, A. Alegría, M. Craig, S. Langsdorf, S. Löschke, V. Möller, A. Okem, B. Rama (eds.)]. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK and New York, NY, USA, pp. 37-118 (Open Access)

Dodman, D., B. Hayward, M. Pelling, V. Castan Broto, W.T.L. Chow, E. Chu, R. Dawson, L. Khirfan, T. McPhearson, A. Prakash, Y. Zheng, and G. Ziervogel. 2022: “Cities, Settlements and Key Infrastructure.” In: Climate Change 2022: Impacts, Adaptation, and Vulnerability. Contribution of Working Group II to the Sixth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change [H.-O. Pörtner, D.C. Roberts, M. Tignor, E.S. Poloczanska, K. Mintenbeck, A. Alegría, M. Craig, S. Langsdorf, S. Löschke, V. Möller, A. Okem, B. Rama (eds.)]. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK and New York, NY, USA, pp. 907- 1040, (Open Access).

Glavovic, B., R. Dawson, W.T.L. Chow, M. Garschagen, M. Haasnoot, C. Singh, and A. Thomas. 2022: “Cross-Chapter Paper 2: Cities and Settlements by the Sea.” In: Climate Change 2022: Impacts, Adaptation, and Vulnerability. Contribution of Working Group II to the Sixth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change [H.-O. Pörtner, D.C. Roberts, M. Tignor, E.S. Poloczanska, K. Mintenbeck, A. Alegría, M. Craig, S. Langsdorf, S. Löschke, V. Möller, A. Okem, B. Rama (eds.)]. Cambridge University Press. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK and New York, NY, USA, pp. 2163-2194 (Open Access).

2021

Pelling, M., W.T.L. Chow, E. Chu, R. Dawson, D. Dodman, A. Fraser, B. Hayward, L. Khirfan, T. McPhearson, A. Prakash, and G. Ziervogel. 2021: “A climate resilience research renewal agenda: learning lessons from the COVID-19 pandemic for urban climate resilience.” Climate and Development. 14(7): 617-624. (Open Access)

Georgescu, M., M. Arabi, W. T. L. Chow, E. Mack, and K. C. Seto. 2021: “Focus on sustainable cities: urban solutions toward desired outcomes.” Environmental Research Letters, 16, 12. (Open Access)

2019

Bhardwaj, A., R.J. Wasson, A.D. Ziegler, W.T.L. Chow, and Y.P. Sundriyal. 2019: “Characteristics of rain-induced landslides in the Indian Himalaya: a case study of the Mandakini Catchment during the 2013 flood” Geomorphology, 330, 100-115.

2018

Chow, W.T.L. 2018: “The impact of weather extremes on urban resilience to hydro-climate hazards: a Singapore case study” International Journal of Water Resources Development. 34 (4), 510-524. (Open Access)

C.J Chuah, B. H. Ho, and W.T.L. Chow. 2018: “Trans-boundary variations of urban drought vulnerability and its impact on water resource management in Singapore and Johor, Malaysia” Environmental Research Letters. 13(7): 074011 (Open Access)

2017

Bhardwaj, A., A.D. Ziegler, R.J. Wasson, and W.T.L. Chow. 2017: “Accuracy of rainfall estimates at high altitude in the Garhwal Himalaya (India): a comparison of secondary precipitation products and station rainfall measurements” Atmospheric Research. 188, 30-38.

2016

Chow, W.T.L., B.D. Cheong, and B.H Ho. 2016: “A Multimethod Approach towards Assessing Urban Flood Patterns and Its Associated Vulnerabilities in Singapore.” Advances in Meteorology. 2016: 7159132. (Open Access).

Ziegler, A.D., S.I. Cantarero, R.J Wasson, P. Srivastava, S. Spalzin, W.T.L. Chow, and M.J. Gillen. 2016: “A Clear and Present Danger: Ladakh’s increasing vulnerability to flash floods and debris flows” Hydrological Processes. 30, 4214-4223.

Gober, P., D.A. Sampson, R. Quay, D.D. White, and W.T.L. Chow. 2016. “Urban adaptation to mega-drought: Anticipatory water modeling, policy, and planning for the urban Southwest” Sustainable Cities and Society. 27, 497-504.

2015

Georgescu, M., W.T.L. Chow, Z. Wang, A.J. Brazel, M. Roth, and V. Benson-Lira. 2015: “Prioritizing urban sustainability solutions: coordinated approaches must incorporate scale-dependent built environment induced effects.” Environmental Research Letters. 10 (6), 061001. (Open Access).

2014

Ziegler, A.D., J.P. Terry, G.J.H. Oliver, D.A. Friess, J. Chuah, W.T.L. Chow, and R.J. Wasson. 2014: “Increasing Singapore’s resilience to drought” Hydrological Processes. 28(15), 4543-4548.

2013

Chuang, W-C., P. Gober, W.T.L. Chow, and J. Golden. 2013: “Sensitivity to heat: A comparative study of Phoenix, Arizona and Chicago, Illinois (2003-2006)” Urban Climate. 5, 1-18.

2012

Chow, W.T.L., W-C Chuang, and P. Gober. 2012: “Vulnerability to extreme heat in metropolitan Phoenix: Spatial, temporal and demographic dimensions.” The Professional Geographer. 64(2), 286-302.